turkey continent

turkey continent

and Ustaömer, T. (2006) Late Cretaceous-Early Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Eurasian active margin in the Central and Eastern Pontides, northern Turkey. [362][363], Article 66 of the Turkish Constitution defines a "Turk" as "anyone who is bound to the Turkish state through the bond of citizenship"; therefore, the legal use of the term "Turkish" as a citizen of Turkey is different from the ethnic definition. The Turkish Armed Forces consist of the Land Forces, the Naval Forces and the Air Force. [491] Buildings from this era are the Grand Post Office in Istanbul (1905–1909), Tayyare Apartments (1919–1922),[492] Istanbul 4th Vakıf Han (1911–1926),[493] State Art and Sculpture Museum (1927–1930),[494] Ethnography Museum of Ankara (1925–1928),[495] the first Ziraat Bank headquarters in Ankara (1925–1929),[496] the first Türkiye İş Bankası headquarters in Ankara (1926–1929),[497] Bebek Mosque,[498] and Kamer Hatun Mosque. [31] Turkey's economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power and a newly industrialized state by several analysts,[32][33][34] while its location has given it geopolitical and strategic importance throughout history. [210], Every fit male Turkish citizen otherwise not barred is required to serve in the military for a period ranging from three weeks to a year, dependent on education and job location. The boundary with Iraq was set by the Treaty of Angora (Ankara) in 1926. Lengthy, troughlike valleys and basins characterize the mountains. The higher slopes facing northwest tend to be densely forested. [409][410], After the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the number of Muslims in the region that became Turkey increased relative to that of the Christians with the immigration of Ottoman Muslims, who were facing extermination or other forms of repression in the newly constituted Balkan states. The Eastern Orthodox Church has been headquartered in Constantinople (Istanbul) since the First Council of Constantinople in 381 AD. These are the North Anatolian Fault Zone, which forms the present day plate boundary of Eurasia near the Black Sea coast, and the East Anatolian Fault Zone, which forms part of the boundary of the North Arabian Plate in the southeast. In Northwest Turkey, the most significant tribal group in Thrace was the Odyrisians, founded by Teres I. The driest regions are the Konya Plain and the Malatya Plain, where annual rainfall is often less than 300 millimetres (12 inches). Broadly, there were three primary literary movements during this period: the Edebiyat-ı Cedîde (New Literature) movement; the Fecr-i Âtî (Dawn of the Future) movement; and the Millî Edebiyat (National Literature) movement. The mix of cultural influences in Turkey is dramatised, for example, in the form of the "new symbols of the clash and interlacing of cultures" enacted in the novels of Orhan Pamuk, recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature.[480]. [292][293][294], Other key sectors of the Turkish economy are banking, construction, home appliances, electronics, textiles, oil refining, petrochemical products, food, mining, iron and steel, and machine industry. [263][264] Asian Turkey, which includes 97 percent of the country, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. 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[476], Turkish literature is a mix of cultural influences. + −. The few valleys and plains in these mountains tend to be fertile and to support diverse agriculture. The boundary with Greece was set by the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), which resolved persistent boundary and territorial claims as to Thrace and provided for a population exchange (see: War of Independence). 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